Mucosal Melanoma Treatment

Treatment for mucosal melanoma is not always entirely clear. Treatment will depend on the size, type and location of the tumor. Do your best to find a treatment team who has experience treating mucosal melanoma. Here is a list of treatment facilities who have experience treating mucosal melanoma to get you started. 

It is important to learn about all possible treatment options, discuss them with your treatment team and decide on what is best for you. Surgery is a common treatment option for a primary mucosal melanoma tumor. Additional options may include FDA approved immunotherapies like ipilimumab and pembrolizumab, as well as clinical trials, which may include combinations of approved and not-yet approved therapies.

Additionally, some mucosal melanoma patients who have tumors with KIT mutations have had success using imatinib (Gleevec). Imatinib is not FDA approved for the treatment of metastatic melanoma but is avaialble in some clinical trials. 

Genetic Mutations in Mucosal Melanoma

Melanoma is typically classified by clinical characteristics, such as depth, ulceration and site of origin. However, in the past several years, mutations in certain proteins are allowing scientists to further define the melanoma at the molecular level. The most common mutation in mucosal melanoma is found in a protein called KIT. The changes in the KIT protein play an important role in tumor growth and the development of possible treatment options. The BRAF mutation, found in about half of all cutaneous melanoma cases, is rarely found in mucosal melanoma.

Research in Mucosal Melanoma

The MRF continues to fund the best, most promising research submitted to us, including research on rare subtypes of melanoma - like mucosal and ocular melanoma. Be sure to read about all of our funded researchers, including those awards specific to mucosal melanoma, here!


The MRF would like to recognize and thank The Susan Fazio Foundation for Melanoma Research. This foundation continues to raise funds dedicated to the research of mucosal melanoma. Please visit their website to learn more about their efforts in mucosal melanoma.